三少爷的剑

建立大众参加环境影响点评准则 环境影响点评的公共参加准则

2019-07-24 09:03:51 369

建立大众参加(jia)环境影响(xiang)点评准(zhun)则 环境影响(xiang)点评的公共参加(jia)准(zhun)则

建(jian)(jian)立大众参(can)加(jia)环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)评准(zhun)则环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)评的公共(gong)参(can)加(jia)(Publicparticipation)准(zhun)则,指建(jian)(jian)设单位及审批环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)评陈述书(表)机(ji)(ji)关以外的其(qi)他相(xiang)关机(ji)(ji)关、地方政府(fu)、社会团(tuan)体、学者(zhe)专家、人大代表、政协委员、当地居民(min)等(deng),经(jing)过法定的方法,参(can)加(jia)环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)评的制作(zuo)、检查与(yu)监督等(deng)的活动。

《我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)护(hu)法(fa)》对(dui)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)问题没(mei)有进(jin)行(xing)(xing)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)早对(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)见(jian)于1993年(nian)原环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)护(hu)局(ju)、计委(wei)(wei)、财政部(bu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)人民(min)银(yin)行(xing)(xing)在(zai)1993年(nian)6月(yue)21日发布的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《关于加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)强国(guo)(guo)际金融安排(pai)借款(kuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)管理(li)(li)工作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)告诉》,该(gai)(gai)(gai)告诉指出:"对(dui)国(guo)(guo)际金融安排(pai)借款(kuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(以下简称借款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu))环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)护(hu)工作(zuo),世界银(yin)行(xing)(xing)、亚洲开发银(yin)行(xing)(xing)均有清晰的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要求,并(bing)将借款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)意图《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)陈(chen)述(shu)书》(以下简称《陈(chen)述(shu)书》)列为办理(li)(li)借款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)手续不(bu)行(xing)(xing)缺少的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)文件之(zhi)一(yi),对(dui)借款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)提出了(le)较完整的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)程序和(he)(he)(he)(he)要求。"为此告诉要求"大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)是环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要组成部(bu)分,《陈(chen)述(shu)书》中(zhong)应(ying)设(she)专门章节(jie)予以表(biao)述(shu),使(shi)或许受(shou)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)或社会团体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)利(li)益(yi)能得到考虑和(he)(he)(he)(he)补偿。大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)工作(zuo)可在(zai)《点评(ping)(ping)纲要》编(bian)制(zhi)和(he)(he)(he)(he)检(jian)查、《陈(chen)述(shu)书》检(jian)查阶段进(jin)行(xing)(xing)。"并(bing)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)两(liang)种(zhong)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方法(fa):种(zhong)是:建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)单(dan)位(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)保(bao)部(bu)分直接听取(qu)借款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)所(suo)在(zai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(区、县)人大(da)(da)(da)代表(biao)、政协委(wei)(wei)员、群众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)团体(ti)、学术团体(ti)或居(ju)(ju)委(wei)(wei)会、村(cun)委(wei)(wei)会代表(biao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)见(jian)和(he)(he)(he)(he)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)议;第二种(zhong)是:项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)所(suo)在(zai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(区、县)人大(da)(da)(da)、政协或群众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)团体(ti)咨(zi)询(xun)受(shou)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)见(jian)。该(gai)(gai)(gai)《告诉》尽管对(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)作(zuo)了(le)较为清晰的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),但它却针对(dui)国(guo)(guo)际金融安排(pai)借款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)。在(zai)1996年(nian)《水污(wu)染防治法(fa)》修正(zheng)过程中(zhong),根据《里约(yue)宣言(yan)》的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)精力,增加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)了(le)一(yi)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)特(te)别的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),即建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)"环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)陈(chen)述(shu)书中(zhong),应(ying)该(gai)(gai)(gai)有该(gai)(gai)(gai)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)所(suo)在(zai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)单(dan)位(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)居(ju)(ju)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)见(jian)",使(shi)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)普通(tong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)意图环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)准则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)在(zai)立法(fa)上初(chu)现(xian)端倪。1996年(nian)经过的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《噪声污(wu)染防治法(fa)》对(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)准则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)也作(zuo)了(le)与《水污(wu)染防治法(fa)》相同(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。1998年(nian)国(guo)(guo)务院经过的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)保(bao)护(hu)管理(li)(li)法(fa)令》第15对(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点评(ping)(ping)作(zuo)了(le)非常准则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)单(dan)位(wei)编(bian)制(zhi)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)陈(chen)述(shu)书,应(ying)当按照有关法(fa)律规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),寻求建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)所(suo)在(zai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)有关单(dan)位(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)居(ju)(ju)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)见(jian)。"因为我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)和(he)(he)(he)(he)未规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)法(fa)律,均没(mei)有具(ju)体(ti)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)程序,因而该(gai)(gai)(gai)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)实践采取(qu)了(le)逃(tao)避矛盾(dun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)做(zuo)法(fa)。

建立大众参加环境影响点评准则 环境影响点评的公共参加准则

内蒙古环境影响评价

(1)环境(jing)影(ying)响(xiang)点评(ping)的大众参加是施行环境(jing)影(ying)响(xiang)点评(ping)准则普遍(bian)推行的做法(fa)。

我国(guo)环境(jing)影(ying)响点(dian)评准则是从国(guo)外借鉴(jian)而来的。而在各国(guo)和国(guo)际(ji)社会,环境(jing)影(ying)响点(dian)评的大众参加普遍(bian)推行(xing)的做法。

美(mei)国《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)方(fang)(fang)针法(fa)(fa)》是(shi)世界上早规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)准则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),但其(qi)对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)仅在(zai)(zai)第(di)(di)二篇第(di)(di)五(wu)节条规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),应(ying)寻求(qiu)相关(guan)安排(pai)(pai)(pai)、部分、地(di)方(fang)(fang)政府的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)见,对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)是(shi)否(fou)寻求(qiu)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)定(ding)见没有(you)进行清(qing)晰(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。不(bu)过(guo)在(zai)(zai)美(mei)国环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)质量(liang)委(wei)员(yuan)会(hui)拟定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)方(fang)(fang)针施行程序(xu)(xu)(xu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)法(fa)(fa)令(ling)》中(zhong)对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)作(zuo)(zuo)了详细规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),包括(kuo)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)阶段(duan)、参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)范围、参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)怀(huai)人(ren)(ren)(ren)员(yuan)、参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)以(yi)及参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)限制等。[4]《加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)》(CanadianEnvironmentalAssessmentAct)在(zai)(zai)前语部分规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)政府将(jiang)尽力促进大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)由加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)政府或经(jing)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)政府同(tong)意(yi)或帮忙施行项(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),并供给环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)所根(gen)据的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基础材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)。"并把(ba)"保(bao)证(zheng)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)有(you)机(ji)会(hui)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)"作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)意(yi)图(tu)之一。在(zai)(zai)该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)中(zhong)清(qing)晰(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)。该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)第(di)(di)18(3)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)简(jian)单(dan)项(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),应(ying)考(kao)虑大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)定(ding)见,并规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"如果主管安排(pai)(pai)(pai)以(yi)为(wei)在(zai)(zai)这时的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)情形下大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)应(ying)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)项(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)简(jian)单(dan)型(xing)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),或当有(you)关(guan)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)这样(yang)要(yao)求(qiu)时,主管安排(pai)(pai)(pai)应(ying)告(gao)(gao)诉大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),使其(qi)有(you)机(ji)会(hui)在(zai)(zai)主管安排(pai)(pai)(pai)采取办(ban)(ban)法(fa)(fa)之前,参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)检查(cha)简(jian)单(dan)型(xing)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)陈述和(he)其(qi)他已(yi)经(jing)提(ti)交(jiao)(jiao)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)记录并发表定(ding)见。"对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)综合(he)性环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)第(di)(di)22(2)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),"任(ren)何人(ren)(ren)(ren)都可以(yi)对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)该(gai)(gai)综合(he)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)陈述的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)结论(lun)和(he)建(jian)议(yi)以(yi)及其(qi)他任(ren)何部分向加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安排(pai)(pai)(pai)提(ti)交(jiao)(jiao)定(ding)见。"此外,该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)还对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)具(ju)体(ti)(ti)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)性问题(ti)如信息(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)揭露的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)(fang)法(fa)(fa)、大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)会(hui)等作(zuo)(zuo)了规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。《加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)》除了适(shi)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)国内(nei)项(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),也适(shi)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)跨鸿沟(gou)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)和(he)其(qi)他环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、国际性环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)特定(ding)联(lian)邦(bang)土地(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),并同(tong)时规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了在(zai)(zai)上述项(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)。日本《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)》(TheEnvironmentalImpactAssessmentLaw)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)听(ting)证(zheng)会(hui)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)和(he)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)监督(du)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)。第(di)(di)18条第(di)(di)1项(xiang)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)"从保(bao)护(hu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)角度出发,但凡对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)相关(guan)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)陈述(EIS)草案(an)有(you)定(ding)见的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren),在(zai)(zai)第(di)(di)十六条规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)公告(gao)(gao)时间(jian)开端至揭露检查(cha)时间(jian)完(wan)毕(bi)后两(liang)周内(nei),可以(yi)以(yi)文件的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)(fang)法(fa)(fa)给项(xiang)目发起人(ren)(ren)(ren)清(qing)晰(xi)其(qi)定(ding)见。"俄(e)罗斯联(lian)邦(bang)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)和(he)自然资(zi)源保(bao)护(hu)部于(yu)(yu)1994年7月18日公布(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《俄(e)罗斯联(lian)邦(bang)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)令(ling)》尽管内(nei)容不(bu)多(duo),但第(di)(di)五(wu)部分对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)程序(xu)(xu)(xu)作(zuo)(zuo)了清(qing)晰(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。《法(fa)(fa)令(ling)》5、1规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"建(jian)议(yi)有(you)关(guan)社会(hui)团体(ti)(ti)和(he)非政府安排(pai)(pai)(pai)帮忙承办(ban)(ban)者(定(ding)作(zuo)(zuo)人(ren)(ren)(ren))举办(ban)(ban)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)或许(xu)讨论(lun),广泛通报(bao)关(guan)于(yu)(yu)施行拟议(yi)中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)活动计划的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)计划和(he)其(qi)他建(jian)议(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)信息(xi)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao),以(yi)便(bian)对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)下列(lie)事项(xiang)进行评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)论(lun)......"并对(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)(dui)信息(xi)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)通报(bao)、大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)安排(pai)(pai)(pai)和(he)举办(ban)(ban)办(ban)(ban)法(fa)(fa)作(zuo)(zuo)了具(ju)体(ti)(ti)规(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。欧盟(meng)理事会(hui)1997年3月3日97/11/EC指令(ling)《关(guan)于(yu)(yu)必定(ding)公共和(he)私(si)人(ren)(ren)(ren)项(xiang)目环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)指令(ling)85/337/EEC修正案(an)》也将(jiang)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)其(qi)重要(yao)内(nei)容。


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